Occupational Therapy

Missing Accordion Menu for this widget.

Occupational Therapy (OT) is delivered by a registered and trained Occupational Therapist, and in some provinces by either an Occupational Therapist or Occupational Therapy Assistant (OTA). OT trains the family, the individual, professionals, as well as other caregivers in a collaborative effort to improve a range of everyday life roles, and requisite competencies to engage, participate and integrate in home, school, work and community settings.

The goals of OT depend on developmental, behavioural, physical and socio-emotional needs, as well as environmental facilitators and barriers.

OT is beneficial for increasing independence and increasing quality of life for people with ASD conditions.

Occupational Therapy Teaches:

  • self help and coping skills such as dressing, toilet training, grooming, sleeping, eating
  • adaptive behaviour by helping to reduce unwanted behaviours
  • fine motor skills (competencies) such as learning to hold a pen, tie shoelaces, fasten clothes when dressing, or use utensils during meals
  • gross motor skills (competencies) such as learning to walk, run, jump, skip, manipulate a ball in sports, or use an assistive device
  • physical exercise to improve endurance, muscle strength, stamina, or overall health
  • visual-motor and visual-perceptual skills (competencies) needed for reading and writing
  • appropriate play skills and making friends
  • socialization skills
  • sensory integration, and emotional arousal and regulation


Autism Canada does not endorse treatments, interventions and therapies but lists them so people can make informed choice.  This site is for information purposes only and is a starting point for readers to look into options that may fit or resonate.  Remember, therapies for autism, like any condition, should be discussed with a trusted medical practitioner or certified therapist before use.

All information, data and material contained, presented or provided here is for general information purposes only and is not to be construed as reflecting the knowledge or opinions of Autism Canada, or as providing legal or medical advice. All treatment decisions should be made by the individual in consultation with a licensed health care provider.

Back to Top